What is a primary source? A primary source provides first hand or direct evidence about a person, object, event, or work of art. Examples may include memoirs, diaries, personal letters, interviews, books or articles published at the time, government documents, photographs, and more.
How to find in library databases:
On the library services webpage go to Research Databases by Title > select Primary Search, also...
On the library services webpage go to Research Databases by Subject > History/Government and select:
1. Ancient and Medieval History - Search Vikings > Primary Sources at top. View sources: speech, narratives, and government documents. Citation information does not include APA (to be added by publisher in future).
2. Modern World History - Search Industrial Revolution > Primary Sources at top. View sources: speech, announcement, article, and government document. Citation information does not include APA (to be added by publisher in future).
3. Avalon Project (4,000 BCE to 2,000+)
4. Primary Source Sets (Digital Public Library of America)
5. World Digital Library (from 8,000 BCE to 2000)
6. Gale World History in Context - Vikings > Primary Sources. View sources: poem, nonfiction work, and personal account. Citation information under Citation Tools link on right.
To access research databases from off campus - on the library services webpage, select a research database (either from the title list or subject list), and when prompted for a login, enter your Wor-Wic username and password. You do not need to log on to use open access links.
A peer-reviewed journal contains articles that have been reviewed and approved by experts in the field. Students can limit their search in a database containing scholarly journals to "peer-reviewed" if required by the assignment.
Library research databases are subscription databases purchased by the library that contain credible articles from such sources as books, scholarly journals, magazines, newspapers, and videos. Material in library databases is either reviewed by an editor or peer-reviewed by experts in the field, and source information is clearly given. Information and sources on the web can sometimes be questionable or unknown.
To find research articles in scholarly journals for psychology, select Social Sciences under Research Databases by Subject on the library services webpage. Use databases containing journal articles such as Psychology Database or Academic Search Premier; limit to scholarly or peer-reviewed journals. Look for headings like Methods, Measures and Procedures, Results, and Discussion in the article to determine if it is describing a research study. You can also find helpful databases with journal articles under the subject: Health, Medicine, and Nursing. Another option is to use the QuickSearch box on the library services webpage which searches multiple databases at once. After typing in your search, limit to Peer-reviewed and Academic journals on the left.
To find credible sources on sociology topics, select Social Sciences under Research Databases by Subject on the library services webpage. For overview articles use a database such as Credo Reference that contains reference books, or use QuickSearch and limit to Books under Source Type. For scholarly journal articles use a database such as Sociology Database or Social Science Database (both are in ProQuest Central). For controversial sociology topics you may also select Issues/Controversies in the Research Databases by Subject list to use Points of View Reference Center or Opposing Viewpoints in Context.
Wor-Wic's library is an electronic library. Videos and articles from books, journals, magazines, newspapers, and more can be found by searching Research Databases by Subject or Title on the library services webpage. To search multiple databases, use the QuickSearch box..
A scholarly journal (also called academic or professional) contains articles intended for professionals, scholars, researchers or students of a specific field; it usually is written in technical language and is specific to the field; often contains lengthy articles; it is often peer-reviewed or refereed; has little or no advertising; often contains tables, charts or graphs to accompany research but no pictures; contains bibliographies for each article, and does not necessarily contain the word "journal" in its title. Examples include New England Journal of Medicine; Research in Higher Education; Pediatrics, and Journal of Abnormal Psychology.
A popular magazine contains articles for the general public; usually has many color photographs; is written in simple language; may have unsigned articles; contains many advertisements, usually has shorter article length and does not have a bibliography at the end of articles. Magazines are widely available and can be purchased in many stores. Examples include Time, Business Week, Forbes, and Sports Illustrated.
To find literary criticism articles, use QuickSearch or select Literature from Research Databases by Subject on the library services webpage. Try searching Literature Resource Center, Literature Online, Literary Reference Center, and JSTOR first. Often criticism articles can also be found in other databases such as ProQuest Central, Academic OneFile, and Academic Search Premier. For search tips a Literary Criticism Guide is on the library services webpage: http://www.worwic.edu/WorWic/media/ServicesSupport/AcademicSupport/LibraryServices/Literary-Criticism-Guide.pdf
Yes, you can print from your laptop only in BH 217 Library Resource Center using the BH South printer--please ask library staff for assistance. In BH 217, SH 108 and HH 100 Library Resource Centers, you can also log on to a computer and save a document to a flash drive, email as an attachment, or save in OneDrive to print.
Arts & Humanities students use the MLA Handbook, 8th edition, published by the Modern Language Association of America, as a guide for MLA style. English 101 students purchase it as one of their texts, and reference copies are in the BH217, HH100, and SH108 Resource Centers--please check each centers hours of operation.
To find background information, images, and articles about nursing or healthcare needs in different cultures . . .
On the library services webpage, go to Research Databases by Subject > Reference. Select databases such as Academic Search Premier, Credo Reference, Gale Health & Wellness, Nursing Reference Center, and ProQuest Central. Other databases to search in for culture AND healthcare include Films on Demand, Gale OneFile: Health and Medicine, Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition, and JSTOR Public Health.
See the Culture and Healthcare guide under Help Guides on the Library Services webpage for tips and searching specific keywords:
A good source for information on occupations is the Occupational Outlook Handbook, found in the library database: Career & Technical Education. Type in the job--graphic designer for example--and Occupational Outlook Handbook. Select the entry with the most recent date, then click on the Save as PDF tab to open in Adobe. Information on required education, job outlook, median salary, work environment, and similar occupations is given. The "Cite" link will give you an APA or MLA citation.
Another helpful online source that gives updated occupational information and labor market research is O*NET OnLine: http://www.onetonline.org/
If more library database articles are also required, try Credo Reference, which has all reference book content, Films on Demand for streaming video, and a number of others for magazine/journal content.